Heating Equipment

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Heating facilities of buildings

A safe and comfortable living environment has certainly been one of the most essential human needs throughout history. With the mechanization of life in the third millennium in the form of u...

Heating facilities of buildings

A safe and comfortable living environment has certainly been one of the most essential human needs throughout history. With the mechanization of life in the third millennium in the form of using heating facilities of buildings and boiler rooms, this need is highlighted.

Humans have always adapted their lifestyles to different seasons and have tried to seek comfort by discovering and creating new methods over the centuries.

The provision of pleasant warmth in the cold seasons has always been a matter of concern in our lives, which is realized using various technologies, fuels, and installations in different periods.

Warmth is only a partial factor of welfare in our lives, which has a major share of our costs. In order to live in a warm place, we try to select an appropriate geographic area with proper fuel resources.

The production and presentation of heating facilities of buildings and boiler rooms have been attended to by small and large companies from a long time ago and a lot of things have got together to enable people to select the best products to warm houses.

The heating facilities of buildings and boiler rooms will be presented below in addition to the related calculation, selection, operation, and use.

Introduction of a variety of building heating facilities

The earth is getting warmer and this phenomenon has reached its highest level with the increased production of greenhouse gases. However, it is obvious that climate changes may lead to the emergence of very hot summers and very cold winters, and we must always be ready to face extremely cold winters.

Heating package

The heating package is one of the most practical heating equipment in cold seasons that can play the role of a small boiler room in homes and offices.

Regarding placement, there are ground and wall package types. Based on the environmental conditions and the required heat for each unit, the package type can be selected. Wall packages are smaller and can be installed in the interior space of buildings such as kitchens.

Packages generally provide the hot water required by buildings and radiators. A package eliminates the need for a central boiler room and subsequently the excessive costs of plumbing and supplying boilers and torches.

Today, package supplying companies produce their products with the highest efficiency and thermal efficiency and with minimal fuel consumption (which is usually gas, gasoil, or both). They constantly try to compete against each other and exempt consumers and builders of units from the construction of heating boiler rooms.

Wall and ground packages are either fanned or fanless. A fan evacuates the smoke and toxic gases produced by combustion through horizontal chimneys.

Wall and ground packages enjoy one or two heat exchangers according to customer needs (one heat exchanger in packages with two heat exchangers is allocated to providing hot water and the other one heats the radiators).

Iran Radiator, Butane, Chauffagekar, and Garmiran packages are produced in Iran with the latest global standards and technologies. Vaillant, Ariston, and Bosch packages are also high-quality foreign brands of packages.

Radiators

Radiators are efficient proper devices for the distribution of the required heat in residential buildings and office environments. Aluminum radiators, panel radiators, steel radiators, and electric radiators are different types of radiators presented to the market.

Aluminum radiators

Blade aluminum radiators are usually made of all die-cast, extruded, or die-cast extruded solid aluminum alloy. Generally, aluminum radiator manufacturers produce their products with 5 blades, 7 blades, and 10 blades. However, radiators with a higher number of blades can be produced on customer requests.

Steel radiators

Another type of radiator is a steel radiator which is made of steel sheets with electrostatic painting. Steel radiators are not as beautiful as blade aluminum radiators but they have high thermal transfer capacity and reasonable prices.

Panel radiators

Panel radiators other types of radiators that are made seamlessly. They are also considered as a subsidiary of steel radiators and transfer heat uniformly.

In addition to the uniform heat transfer, panel radiators are compatible with all kinds of decorations and can be installed on both sides. However, it should be noted that these radiators are vulnerable to rust and holes especially in long durations of time in wet environments due to the steel used in them.

All aluminum, steel, and panel radiators similarly need to be installed by the installer and require a package or central boiler room to heat water.

Electric radiators removed these limitations. You only need to plug them in to enjoy the desirable heat.

Electric radiators

Electric radiators are produced with different capacities and appearances. Using these radiators in areas where there is a shortage of fossil fuels such as gas and gas oil, can be a good solution.

Modern and stylish electric radiators are produced with an appearance in line with Iranian culture and traditions, thus, customers can select according to the decoration of their houses.

Heaters

Heaters are one of the most well-known heating facilities used in buildings. Gas, gasoil, hybrid (gas and gasoil), and oil heaters are produced to work efficiently without hot water.

Gas heater

Fanned and fanless gas heater are produced in various capacities for home and industrial applications. These heaters with different capacities can be used in various environments. Some are used in houses and some others can be used in large industrial spaces.

Industrial heaters are usually used in industrial and workshop environments and generate much heat. In addition, home heaters are applied in houses to generate desirable heat with their stylish appearances. These heaters work with natural or urban gas and some of them work with gasoil and even oil.

Heat exchangers

Heat exchangers are frequently used in heat facilities and play a major role in heat exchange.

A heat exchanger exchanges heat between two fluids such as water, oil, gas, or air.

Three kinds of heat exchangers, i.e., shell and tube, plate, and blade heat exchangers are produced.

Emaux, Alfa Laval, Danfoss, Comer, and Hepa Co are among the famous brands of the heat exchanger.

Necessary heating facilities for a boiler room

Heating facilities are not only limited to the afore-mentioned items since there are many buildings in the World that have central boiler rooms.

Various kinds of heating facilities are required to construct a boiler room that can be used for a long time.

The first thing required in the construction of a boiler room is a boiler.

Cast iron boiler

Boilers are generally made of steel and cast iron and each one has its own types and applications. Cast iron boilers, also known as cast iron radiator boiler, have lower work pressure and energy absorption efficiency compared to steel boilers. However, they are more frequently used in buildings and boiler rooms due to separable blades, easy transportation, and lower prices.

Steel boilers:

Enjoying combustion and burning heat, more energy absorption levels, and higher thermal efficiency, steel boilers are appropriate for the provision of heat in industrial environments, pools, and buildings.

There are two kinds of steel boilers, i.e., fire tube and water tube. Manufacturers usually use the back of boilers for heat exchange and water circulation and, thus, these boilers are called wet back.

Wet back steel boilers have higher prices and efficiencies compared to dry back boilers.

Cast iron boilers produced by Chauffagekar, Iran Tubes, and Machinery companies are among the famous cast iron boilers. Packman, Super Active, Hararat Gostar, and Calor companies also produce famous steel boilers.

Boiler room pipes, fittings, and valves

Proper plumbing and standard valves can increase the durability of boiler room facilities, thus, the best pipes and fittings should be applied.

Pipes that are used in buildings and boiler rooms are mainly Manisman, black, and galvanized pipes.

The valves used in central boiler rooms are made of cast iron, aluminum, brass, and polymer and are selected based on need, size, and work pressure.

Various types of spherical, gate, butterfly, sliding, and needle valves with different brands and materials are used in boiler rooms.

Sepahan, Ahwaz, Sepanta, Newpipe, and Superpipe are famous manufacturers of pipe. In addition, Iran Industrial Vibrations Company is a well-known company producing various types of expansion joints.

There are a variety of famous brands of boiler room valves such as Kiziran, Kitz, Vog Iran, Farab, Mirab, and Cim.

Burners

A Burners is a device that converts fuel energy into thermal energy by mixing and combusting a certain amount of fuel and air.

Generally, a burner functions to create heating in a variety of boilers, heaters, and heating packages, and thus is referred to as the heart of the building's heating system.

Burners are divided in terms of fuel consumption into a gas oil-fueled, gas-fueled, mazut-fueled, hybrid (gas and gasoil), triple-fueled (has, gasoil and mazut).

Iran Radiator, Pars Mashal, Garm Iran, and Riello are among the brands of burner usually desired by customers.

Water pump and water supply

In general, water transfer is carried out by pumps, and pumps are responsible for the transfer and supply of water in water supply facilities.

Water pumps are manufactured in different types regarding size, engine speed, and materials used in the impeller and body. Pentax, Grundfos, Ebara, Pump Iran and Lowara are among the most famous water pumps in the market.

Circulator pumps

Circulator pumps are used to circulate hot water in heating facilities or cold water in cooling facilities of buildings. Circulator pumps transfer the hot water of boilers for the heating of radiators.

Grundfos, Pump Iran and Semnan Energy are among the most well-known circulator pumps.

Unit heater

Unit heaters are responsible for the heating of halls equipped with a central boiler room.

Unit heaters can be used in the hall of factories and large stores. This heating equipment is manufactured in various types of wall, ceiling, and industrial unit heaters. Unit heaters enjoy some benefits that distinguish them from radiators.

Having an aeration fan, unit heaters have very high thermal power facilitating uniform distribution of heat in large environments even with high ceilings.

Ceiling and wall unit heaters occupy much less useful space compared to other heating equipment.

Unit heaters can throw wind vertically and horizontally enabling them to heat different environments fast.

Damatajhiz, Azar Nasim, Sabalan Tahvie, Saran, Saravel, and Sabafrin are among the most famous brands of unit heaters in the market.

You can contact technical experts of Damatajhiz Company through telephone, email, or fax if you need any consultation regarding the appropriate capacity, the amount of equipment, and the selection of the best brand (with regard to geographical, financial project conditions) for building and boiler room heating facilities.

Damatajhiz's reference and shopping website offer various kinds of building and boiler room heating facilities with valid brands that are available in Iran at reasonable prices.

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